Evolution in Fact and Fantasy
First we will see EVOLUTION ACCORDING TO MODERN SCIENCE (its shortcomings and why it is ‘Evolution in fantasy’):
Darwin’s Concept of Evolution:
Darwin tried to show how the origin of living species could be fully explained by the purely mechanical, unplanned action of natural forces. By the process he called “natural selection,” all the higher, complex forms of life gradually evolved from more primitive and rudimentary ones. In a given animal population, for example, some individuals will have traits that make them adapt better to their environment; these more fit individuals will survive to pass on their favorable traits to their offspring. The unfit will gradually be weeded out naturally. Thus a cold climate will favor those who have, say, long hair or fatty tissue, and the species will then gradually evolve in that direction.
Even if evolution is true, then…
Where are the intermediate forms (missing links) between Ape and Man?
“There is no evidence which would show man developing step by step from lower forms of life…there is no such things as missing links.”
– Dr. Austin H. Clark, Biologist, Smithsonian Institute.
“Evolution is not an established theory but a tentative hypothesis…It is not universally accepted.” admitted by
– Thomas Huxley, who was one of the most vigorous supporter of Darwin.
“The main purpose of Darwinism was to drive away every last trace of an incredible God from biology.”
– T. Rosazakin famous book “Unfinished Animal”.
Darwin himself confesses,
“I was a young man with unformed ideas. I threw out queries, suggestions, wondering all the time over everything; and to my astonishment the ideas took like wildfire. People made a religion out of them!” (Charles Darwin on his Theory of Evolution).
“I am a firm believer that without speculation there is no good and original observation.” in a letter to A. R. Wallace (Dec.22 1857).
“You will be greatly disappointed. It (forthcoming book) will be grievously too hypothetical.” in a letter, regarding the concluding chapters of ‘The Origin of the Species’ (1858).
“Not one change of species into another is on record…we cannot prove that a single species has changed.” towards the end of his life.
1. The bombardier beetle does appear to be unique in the animal kingdom.
2. Its defense system is extraordinarily intricate, a cross between tear gas and a tommy gun.
3. It generates a noxious spray which explodes from its body at a boiling 100° C.
How did Bombardier evolve this system?
Q1.How does it prevent its own destruction from explosion?
A1: It prevent this with the help of an Inhibitor, which prevents the explosive chemical reactions from taking place.
Q2:Then, how does it generate the explosion?
A2:When an anti-inhibitor is added to the other chemicals, an explosive reaction occurs and the beetle is able to defend itself.
Q3:It must have a tough “combustion chamber” with an outlet to release the energy.
A3:It has the necessary equipment, including twin-tail tubes to “exhaust”. These tubes can be aimed at enemies in a 180° arc.
Is creation of beetle an example of the “impersonal, plus time, plus chance”
or is it an example of a special, intricate creation by God who is intimately involved with His creatures?
– Duane Gish, American biochemist, Ph.D.
CASE STUDY(2) – The Evolution of Flight.
Suppose, squirrel is on the brink of starvation due to overpopulation
It notices a flying insect!
Squirrel wants to evolve wings so as to fly and catch its food. The squirrel jumps and falls on ground dead.
The beginning of a long line of evolutionary progress…!
“The idea that an arm could evolve into a wing is absurd.”
– Stephen J. Gould, a leading evolutionist
Stephen Jay Gould, “The Return of Hopeful Monsters”, Natural History, Vol 86, June-July 1977, pg 23.Gould substitutes the fairy tale of neo-Darwinism with his own fairy tale, which he calls punctuated equilibrium – evolution in rapid bursts in isolated populations. Gould does this to accommodate 1) the half-a-wing problem, 2) the utter lack of transitional fossils in the fossil record, and most importantly 3) his atheistic world view. It is apropos that the evidence for Gould’s fairy tale of punctuated equilibrium appears to be based on lack of evidence (in the fossil record)!
CASE STUDY(3) – The Evolution of the Neck of Giraffe
Moving head up and down causes dizziness.
This dizziness is caused by a change in blood pressure in the head.
Giraffe’s neck is 2.5 meters long
Giraffe moves its neck up and down very fast. But no dizziness
Special valves in neck, control the blood flow to brain.
Elastic blood vessels in the giraffe’s head allow harboring of enough blood to prevent the giraffe from passing out when bent in this position.
If evolution of this valve is true then……lets take a look at a pre-historic event
He feels thirsty!!!!
and develops an headache while bending down.
He hopes for evolution of valves!!
Outcome….the neck burst and eventual outcome is dead giraffe
Oh!!! better luck next time.
“The Darwinian theory is not the result of scientific research, but purely the product of imagination.”
– Dr. Fleischman, an Erlangen Zoologist
CASE STUDY (4) – How simple is a single cell organism?
1979 Evolutionists said Mycoplasma genitalium were of “special evolutionary interest because of their extremely simple cell structure.” During 80s and early 90s, extensive research was carried out on Mycoplasma genitalium.
In 1996 Microbiologists decided “Mycoplasma genitalium can no longer be thought of as simple organisms.”
CASE STUDY(5) Escherichia Coli (E-coli)
A single-celled organism–Simple form of life
Annual Review of Microbiology Year 2000 edition discusses its various complex cellular processes like …“regulation system” “transport system”.
“The theory of evolution suffers from grave defects, which are becoming more and more apparent as time advances.”
– Albert Fleishman, Professor of Comparative Anatomy, Earlangan University
Lets see few more examples:
How simple is a single cell?
Once thought to be a simple bag of chemicals, the cell is now understood to be an elaborate system of molecular machinery that surpasses a modern city in complexity. Number of cells in a Human body 100,000,000,000,000(One hundred trillion)
“Irreducibly complex system mean a single system composed of several well-matched, interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning.”
– Michael Behe, Biochemist, Lehigh University
The sea anemone may look like the beautiful flower for which it’s named, but fish that swim too close may regret it. The anemone, which is related to corals and jellyfish, uses venom-laden tentacles to stab passing victims with a paralyzing neurotoxin—rendering them helpless and fit to be eaten.
“To improve a living organism by random mutation is like saying you could improve a Swiss watch by dropping it and bending one of its wheels or axis.”
– Albert Szent-Gyorgi, Nobel Laureate (Medicine)
“To suppose that the eye with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest degree.”
– Charles Darwin, Origin of Species, chapter “Difficulties”
“If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.”
– Charles Darwin.
Do Mutations explain the Evolutionary theory?
“Good ones (Mutations) are so rare that we can consider them ALL BAD.”
– Dr. H.J. Muller, who won the Nobel prize for his work on mutations Inferior Changes
Do Plant Breeding give explanation to Evolutionary idea?
“There are natural limits to the degree that an organism can be modified by breeding.”
– Luther Burbankan, American Botanist
What Entropy principle establishes?
The Entropy (randomness) of the Universe is continuously increasing.
“Evolution of the species means constant and steady increase in order and complexity — the Amoeba to Man idea. The second law says no such thing can occur spontaneously.”
– Lord Kelvin, Father of Thermodynamics
“Overwhelming strong proofs of intelligent and benevolent design lie around us. The atheistic idea is so nonsensical that I cannot put it into words.”
– Lord Kelvin, Father of Thermodynamics
“Evolutionism is a fairy tale for grown-ups.”
– Bounoure, Director, National Center of Scientific Research, France
Now we will see EVOLUTION ACCORDING TO VEDIC SCIENCE:
Vedic Concept of Evolution: A body is NOT transmigrating into another body. Soul is transmigrating from one body to another.
“We accept evolution, but not that the forms of the species are changing. The bodies are all already there, but the soul is evolving by changing bodies and by transmigrating from one body to another. I have evolved from my childhood body to my adult body, and now my childhood body is extinct. But there are many other children. Similarly, all the species are now existing simultaneously, and they were all there in the past. For example, if you are traveling in a train, you find first class, second class, third class; they are all existing. If you pay a higher fare and enter the first-class carriage, you cannot say, “Now the first class is created.” It was always existing. So the defect of the evolutionists is that they have no information of the soul. The soul is evolving, transmigrating, from one compartment to another compartment, simply changing place. The Padma Purana says that there are 8,400,000 species of life, and the soul evolves through them. This evolutionary process we accept: the soul evolves from aquatics to plants, to insects, to birds, to animals, and then to the human forms. But all these forms are already there. They do not change. One does not become extinct and another survive. All of them are existing simultaneously.”
– Srila Prabhupada
World’s most distinguished Vedic Scholar, Teacher.
Conversation between a devotee and Srila Prabhupada:
Devotee: Evolutionary theory makes it appear as if combinations of material ingredients created life, and then various species evolved one from another naturally.
Srila Prabhupada: That is foolishness. Combination means God. God is combining. Combination does not take place automatically. Suppose I am cooking. There are many ingredients gathered for cooking, but they do not combine together by themselves. I am the cook, and in cooking I combine together ghee, spices, rice, dal, and so on; and in this way, nice dishes are produced. Similarly, the combination of ingredients in nature requires God. Otherwise how does the moment arise in which the combination takes place? Do you place all the ingredients in the kitchen and in an hour come back and say, “Oh, where is my meal?” Nonsense! Who will cook your meal? You’ll starve. But take help of a living being, and then we’ll cook and we can eat. This is our experience. So if there is combination, then who is combining? They are fools not to know how combination takes place.
“It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunti, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.”
– Lord Krishna in Bhagavad-Gita 14.4
“There are 900,000 species of aquatic life; 2,000,000 species of plants and trees; 1,100,000 species of insects; 1,000,000 species of bird life; 3,000,000 species of beasts, and 400,000 species of human life.”
– Padma Purana
“One attains the human form of life after transmigrating through 8,400,000 species of life by the process of gradual evolution. That human form of life is spoiled for those conceited fools who do not take shelter of the lotus feet of Govinda [Krsna].”
– Brahma-vaivarta Purana
“As the embodied soul continuously passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death.”
– Lord Krishna in Bhagavad-Gita 2.13
“Whatever state of being one remembers when he quits his present body, in his next life he will attain to that state without fail.”
– Lord Krishna in Bhagavad-Gita 8.6